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Title : S/RES/1790 : The situation concerning Iraq

安保理決議第1790号
イラク情勢に関する決議

採択日:2007/12/18
会合:第5808回会合
投票:全会一致
プレスリリース:SC/9207

安全保障理事会は、

 憲法に基づき民主的に選出されたイラク国民統一政府の詳細な政治的・経済的・安全プログラム及び国民和解課題への努力を歓迎し、イラク軍が全土の安全と治安の維持の全面的責任を担い、同国から多国籍軍が撤退することができる日を期待し、
 イラク陸軍・国内保安部隊を含むイラク保安部隊の訓練・装備・能力構築並びに全てのイラク陸軍部隊を統括するイラク地上軍司令部(Iraqi Ground Forces Command)の設置、ナジャフ(Najaf)・マイサーン(Maysan)・ムサンナー(Muthanna)・ジーカール(Dhi Qar)・ダフーク(Dahuk)・アルビール(Irbil)・スライマーニーヤ(Sulaymaniyah)・カルバラ(Karbala)・バスラ(Basra)各県への治安責任の委譲における継続的進展を歓迎し、2008年中のプロセスの完了への努力を歓迎し、
 同国に関するあらゆる過去の決議を想起し、
 同国の独立・主権・統一・領土保全を再確認し、さらに同国の国内問題に関する非干渉の原則の重要性を再確認し、
 同国の政治的未来及び天然資源の管理を自国民により自由に決定する権利が同国国民にあることを再確認し、
 連邦政府による、民主的で、多元的で統一され人権に全面的に配慮しているイラクに向けた同国政府の継続的活動を歓迎し、
 2007年8月26日に公表された合意済みコミュニケにより宗派主義が全面的に排除された情勢に対する同国政府の強い責務に留意し、同国のあらゆるコミュニティに対し宗派主義を排除し、政治プロセスに参加し、同国の政治的安定と統一のために包括的な政治対話及び国民和解に取り組むこと必要性を強調し、これらの和解への努力を支援するために同国政府と緊密に活動する国際社会の意思を再確認し、
 イラク国際コンパクト(the International Compact with Iraq)並びに国際社会との新たな関係を構築し、同国の政治的・保安的・経済的転換と地域経済及び国際経済への統合への強固な枠組みを構築しつつある同国政府の取り組みにおける進展を認識し、同国政府とともに共同議長を務める国際連合の重要な役割を歓迎し、
 国際社会、特に同国近隣諸国に対し、同国国民が平和・安定・安全・民主主義・繁栄を希求する際の支援を要請し、2007年5月4日及び11月2日・3日に開催された拡大近隣国会議(the Expanded Neighbours Conferences)、作業部会の結論、国際連合支援の下での拡大近隣諸国「支援体制」設置への合意を歓迎し、地域の安定に貢献するこの決議の履行に留意し、
 政治プロセスの転覆を試み暴力を使用する者に対し、武器を放棄し、政治プロセスに参加することを要請し、同国政府に暴力を放棄した者への保証を継続することを奨励し、
 同国の政治的・経済的移行を妨害するテロ行為は許しがたいことを再確認し、さらに特に同国内外における、文民に対するテロ活動に関する国際条約を尊重し、2005年8月4日付決議第1618号及び他の関連する決議の下における加盟国の義務を再確認し、
 決議第1762号(2007)における国連監視検証査察委員会(UNMOVIC; United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission)の任務並びに関連する決議における同国内での国際原子力委員会(IAEA)の任務の終結を想起し、同決議に添付された2007年4月8日付安全保障理事会宛書簡における同国の誓約を歓迎し、関連する決議における同国の武装解除義務を再確認し、
 本決議に付属されている、2007年12月7日付安全保障理事会議長宛イラク首相書簡において、同国内の多国籍軍の存在を維持するとの要請を認識し、また同国国土及び国民に安全を提供するために全面的な責任を回復するとの同国政府の意図を認識し、同国政府が安全保障理事会に対する多国籍軍の活動委任期限延長の最後の要請となることを検討しているとの声明を含み、この書簡に設定されたあらゆる目標に留意し、
 多国籍軍の存在及び多国籍軍と政府との間の最大限の協力と緊密な関係に対する主権のある同国政府の同意の重要性を認識し、
 同国国土及び国民に安全を提供する能力の改善におけるイラク保安軍の進展並びに政治・経済・安全プログラムの達成における同国政府の進展を考慮し、
 本決議に添付されている2007年12月10日付安全保障理事会議長宛合衆国国務長官書簡にある、人道・復興支援への参加を含む同国の安全と安定の維持への貢献を継続するとの多国籍軍の意図を歓迎し、
 同国における国際連合のプレゼンスに対する安全と物量的支援に関する条項を含む2004年6月8日付決議第1546号に添付された書簡において設定された任務と配置並びに2007年8月10日付決議第1770号で確認された同国政府及び配置された多国籍軍による協力的な履行を認識し、
 外国部隊を含む同国の安全と安定の維持を促進するあらゆる勢力に対し、関連する国際人道法・人権法・難民法における関連する義務に従い、関連する国際機関と協力する重要性を再確認し、この観点における彼らの関与を歓迎し、外国部隊を含むあらゆる勢力は文民の保護を保証するためのあらゆる可能な措置を講じるべきであることを強調し、
 2003年8月14日の国際連合イラク支援ミッション(UNAMI; the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq)の設置を想起し、国際連合は、代議制政府機構を強化し、政治的対話及び国民和解を促進し、近隣諸国と連携し、難民及び国内避難民を含む脆弱な人々を支援し、人権を保護し、決議第1770号(2007)に従った司法改革を行う同国民衆及び政府の努力への支援において主導的な役割を継続すべきであることを再確認し、
 安全及び安定に対する国際的支援は同国国民自身の活動だけでなく、国際連合を含むあらゆる関係者の能力が同国国民の福祉にとって不可欠であることを認識し、決議第1483号(2003)・決議第1511号(2003)・決議第1546号(2004)・決議第1637号(2005)・決議第1723号(2006)におけるこの観点での加盟国の貢献に謝意を表明し、
 同国政府は同国への国際支援の調整における主導的役割を果たしてきたことを認識し、同国経済への国際的支援と発展の重要性及び調整された支援の重要性を再確認し、
 イラク開発基金(the Development Fund for Iraq)及び国際諮問監視理事会(International Advisory and Monitoring Board)の重要な役割並びに同国政府の支援にあたり同国民衆の利益のために同国の資源を透明でかつ公正に利用することを保証する決議第1483号(2003)第22パラグラフの条項の重要性を認識し、
 1961年の外交関係に関するウィーン条約(the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961)に従い、外交関係者として信任された者が同国において攻撃を受けることを防止するためのあらゆる適切な措置を講じる同国当局の責任を強調し、
 同国の情勢を引き続き国際平和と安全に対する脅威と見なし、
 国際連合憲章第7章の下に行動し、

  1. イラクにおける多国籍軍の存在は同国政府の要請によるものであることに留意し、多国籍軍に対する承認は決議第1546号においてなされていることを再確認し、そその書簡内において指摘された全ての目的を含む2007年12月7日付イラク首相書簡及び2007年12月10日付合衆国国務長官書簡を考慮し、その決議において設定された多国籍軍への活動委任期限を2008年12月31日まで延長することを決定する。
  2. さらに多国籍軍に対する活動委任期限は同国政府の要請があった時点または遅くとも2008年6月15日までに見直しされることを決定し、同国政府より要請があった場合にはこの期限よりも早期に終結することを宣言する。
  3. 石油輸出販売・石油生産・天然ガスからの収益のイラク開発基金への積み立てに関し決議第1483号(2003)第20パラグラフにおいて設立された処置並びに決議第1483号(2003)第12パラグラフ及び決議第1546号(2004)第24パラグラフにおいて言及された国際諮問監視理事会によるイラク開発基金の監視に関する処置を2008年12月31日まで延長することを決定し、さらに決議第1546号(2004)第27パラグラフにおいて設定された例外を除き決議第1483号(2003)第22パラグラフの条項は第23パラグラフに記述された基金・金融資産・経済資源を含み上記日付が適用されることを決定する。
  4. さらに上記パラグラフにおけるイラク開発基金に対する収益の積み立てに関する条項及び国際諮問監視理事会の役割に関する条項及び決議第1483号(2003)第22パラグラフの条項は、同国政府の要請があった時点または遅くとも2008年6月15日までに見直されることを決定する。
  5. 合衆国に対し、多国籍軍のために、安全保障理事会に状況の進展状況に関して報告することを要請する。
  6. この問題に引き続き積極的に取り組むことを決定する。

Resolution Annex I

Letter dated 7 December 2007 from the Prime Minister of Iraq addressed to the President of the Security Council

[Original: Arabic and English]

Iraq has now finished building its constitutional and legal institutions. It now has a permanent constitution, which was voted on by the Iraqi people, and a parliament, which represents the various components of Iraqi society. Iraq also has a Government of national unity that includes all political factions. Today, despite the efforts of terrorists and hostile forces to prevent us from developing our young and vital democracy, we are determined to build a democratic, federal and unified Iraq.

The Government of Iraq continues to act expeditiously to guarantee the security of Iraqi citizens and the stability of the country. It is continuing to act expeditiously to promote national reconciliation in order to ensure broad political participation by all national forces, to protect human rights and strengthen the rule of law, to achieve economic growth and to provide its citizens with basic services.

Achieving security and stability in the country is a matter of the utmost priority for the Iraqi Government. That is why it has devoted special attention to the task of building and strengthening the capacities of the Iraqi Army and the internal security forces, given that those are the two institutions that can guarantee security, maintain order and confront terrorist and other outlaw groups. Our national forces have successfully taken over the security functions of the multinational force in Iraq (MNF-I) in eight governorates. It is our intention that our national forces will continue to take over those security functions until all 18 governorates are under the full security control of our troops in 2008. Our ground force command has assumed control of all the divisions of the Iraqi Army. The effective coordination between the command and MNF-I has had a positive effect on the security situation.

The Government of Iraq stresses that MNF-I, working alongside our national forces, has made an important and significant contribution to efforts to establish security and the rule of law. The Government of Iraq requests that the Security Council should consider extending the mandate of MNF-I in light of Iraq’s achievements over the past few years, namely, the strengthened capacity of its Army and security forces and its significant successes in the security, political and economic spheres. A review of the role and authority of MNF-I will thus be required in order to strike a balance between, on the one hand, the need to extend, one last time, the mandate of the force and, on the other hand, progress made by Iraq in the area of security. In this regard, it is important for Iraq to be treated as an independent and fully sovereign State and, in seeking the aforementioned balance, the following objectives should be highlighted:

  1. The Government of Iraq requests the extension of the mandate of MNF-I in accordance with Security Council resolutions 1546 (2004), 1637 (2005) and 1723 (2006) and the letters annexed thereto for a period of 12 months beginning on 31 December 2007, provided that the extension is subject to a commitment by the Security Council to end the mandate at an earlier date if the Government of Iraq so requests and that the mandate is subject to periodic review before June 2008;
  2. The functions of recruiting, training, arming and equipping the Iraqi Army and Iraq’s security forces are the responsibility of the Government of Iraq;
  3. The Government of Iraq will assume responsibility for command and control of all Iraqi forces, and MNF-I, in coordination with the Government of Iraq, will provide support and backing to those forces;
  4. The Government of Iraq will be responsible for arrest, detention and imprisonment tasks. When those tasks are carried out by MNF-I, there will be maximum levels of coordination, cooperation and understanding with the Government of Iraq;
  5. The Government of Iraq considers this to be its final request to the Security Council for the extension of the mandate of MNF-I and expects, in future, that the Security Council will be able to deal with the situation in Iraq without the need for action under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations;
  6. The Government of Iraq requests that the resolution to be adopted by the Security Council should reaffirm respect for the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Iraq and also reaffirm the commitment of Member States to the principle of non-intervention in its internal affairs.

The Government of Iraq wishes to inform the Security Council that it has signed a declaration of principles with the United States of America with a view to establishing a long-term cooperative and friendly relationship.

The Government of Iraq reaffirms the importance of the work of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1518 (2003) in order to restore the Iraqi funds and assets deposited outside Iraq by the previous regime. The Government of Iraq urges the members of the Security Council to support the Committee’s ongoing work in accordance with paragraph 19 of resolution 1483 (2003) concerning the identification of individuals and entities referred to in paragraph 23 of that resolution, including the updating of the list of individuals and entities identified by the Committee established pursuant to paragraph 6 of resolution 661 (1990). The Government of Iraq looks forward to the Committee’s report to the Security Council on its activities.

The Government of Iraq recognizes the importance of the provisions of paragraph 22 of resolution 1483 (2003) in ensuring that Iraq’s natural resources, the proceeds from sales thereof and other funds deposited in the Development Fund for Iraq are used for reconstruction activities and other efforts to benefit the people of Iraq. Iraq therefore requests that, taking account of the exception provided for in paragraph 27 of resolution 1546 (2004), the Security Council should continue to apply the provisions of paragraph 22 of resolution 1483 (2003) until 31 December 2008, including in respect of the funds, financial assets and economic resources described in paragraph 23 of resolution 1483 (2003).

The Government of Iraq is of the opinion that the provisions of Security Council resolution 1546 (2004) on the deposit of proceeds into the Development Fund for Iraq will help to ensure that proceeds from Iraq’s natural resources are used to serve the interests of the Iraqi people. The role played by the International Advisory and Monitoring Board serves the same purpose. The Government of Iraq understands that the Development Fund for Iraq plays an important role in helping Iraq to convince donors and creditors that it is managing its resources and debts in a responsible way in the interests of the Iraqi people. It should be pointed out that Iraq is striving to form a new partnership with the international community in order to build a dynamic network designed to transform its economy and integrate it with other world economies through the International Compact with Iraq. We are therefore requesting that the mandate of the Development Fund for Iraq and the International Advisory and Monitoring Board be extended for a further 12 months. We are also requesting that the mandate should be reviewed, based on the request of the Iraqi Government, before 15 June 2008.

The Government of Iraq is asking the Security Council to review its resolutions relating to the deposit of 5 per cent of Iraq’s proceeds from oil into the Compensation Fund established in accordance with Security Council resolution 687 (1991) and subsequent relevant resolutions, with a view to reducing that percentage as much as possible, since the deposit of such a high percentage creates a financial burden for Iraq at a time when it is in dire need of those funds to rebuild its infrastructure, which was destroyed during the wars waged by the previous regime. Furthermore, the increase in the price of oil means that the real amount represented by that 5 per cent is at least five times greater than it was.

The people of Iraq are determined to establish a stable and peaceful democracy. They are determined to develop a dynamic economy built on solid foundations and a creative vision. The people of Iraq need the support of the international community to make that vision a reality.

It is our understanding that the Security Council intends to include this letter as an annex to the resolution concerning Iraq that is currently being drafted. In the meantime, I should be grateful if you would have this letter circulated to the members of the esteemed Security Council as soon as possible.

(Signed) Nuri Kamel al-Maliki
Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq

Resolution Annex II

Letter dated 10 December 2007 from the Secretary of State of the United States of America to the President of the Security Council

[Original: Arabic]

Having reviewed the request of the Government of Iraq to extend the mandate of the Multinational Force (MNF) in Iraq and following consultations with the Government of Iraq, I am writing to confirm, consistent with this request, that the MNF under unified command stands ready to continue to fulfil its mandate as set out in Security Council resolution 1546 (2004) and extended by Security Council resolutions 1637 (2005) and 1723 (2006).

Together, the Government of Iraq and MNF in Iraq combat the challenges that threaten Iraq’s security and stability through a security partnership that has continued to improve and that has resulted in progress in the past year. This effective, cooperative partnership continues to evolve, as Iraqi security forces take leadership in fighting and deterring terrorism and other violent acts throughout Iraq. In the context of this partnership, MNF is prepared to continue to undertake a broad range of tasks to contribute to the maintenance of security and stability and to ensure force protection, acting under the authorities set forth in resolution 1546 (2004), including the tasks and arrangements set out in the letters annexed thereto, and in close cooperation with the Government of Iraq. The forces that make up MNF will remain committed to acting consistently with their obligations and rights under international law, including the law of armed conflict.

Iraqi security forces continue to make progress in developing their capabilities as they move into the lead in taking responsibility for Iraq’s security. This year, the Iraqi Ground Forces Command has assumed control of all Iraqi Army divisions. Iraqi authorities and local security forces have assumed primary security responsibility in eight of Iraq’s provinces, and we are working together for continued progress in transition of security responsibility in all of Iraq’s eighteen provinces. Together we will build towards the day when the Iraqi forces assume full responsibility for the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq.

In the coming year, the MNF is ready to continue to participate in the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq, within the context of the growth in the capabilities of the Iraqi Security Forces and Iraq’s successes in security, politics, and the economy. The MNF is prepared to work with the Government of Iraq to help it achieve the objectives it has set for itself as an independent and sovereign State.

The co-sponsors intend to annex this letter to the resolution on Iraq that is under consideration. In the meantime, I request that you provide copies of this letter to members of the Council as quickly as possible.

(Signed) Condoleezza Rice


分野:
地域:S/RES/1770イラク情勢S/RES/1830
採択順:S/RES/1789S/RES/1791
Updated : 2007/12/31